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The Juvenile Division
Juvenile Court Overview
The Juvenile Court is a division of the Monterey County Superior Court. It is made up of several types of proceedings such as: delinquency, truancy and dependency, traffic/minor offenses.
  1. Juvenile Delinquency proceedings involve children under the age of 18 alleged to have committed a delinquent act which would be a crime if committed by an adult.
  2. Juvenile Truancy proceedings involve minors who habitually refuse to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of their parents, guardian, or custodian, or who are beyond the control of that person. Typical truancy offenses are curfew and truancy (failure to attend school).
  3. Juvenile Dependency proceedings involve the protection of children who have been or are at risk of being abused, neglected, or abandoned.
  4. Juvenile Traffic hears traffic and other minor offenses such as loitering, vandalism, unlicensed driver, trespassing, etc.
The Court’s Authority
The Juvenile Court has broad authority in juvenile delinquency and dependency cases. The Court can remove children from their homes, order their placement with relatives or in foster care or group homes, terminate parental rights and join various agencies to provide needed services. In delinquency cases, the Court can also order children to be confined in locked facilities, such as detention halls, camps, and the Division of Juvenile Justice (formerly known as California Youth Authority).

Center for Families, Children & the Courts
The Judicial Council/Administrative Office of the Courts' Center for Families, Children & the Courts was established to maximize the effectiveness of court services for children and families, implement innovative court-related programs for them, and promote those services in the legal community and to the public. Visit the Center's website at: http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/programs/cfcc/

For more general information about the juvenile court process, please consult the Judicial Council's informational brochures on juvenile delinquency and juvenile dependency. They are available free from http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/forms or by calling the Publications Hotline at 800-900-5980.

Juvenile Court Confidentiality
Juvenile records are confidential. The minor, his or her parents or legal guardian(s), and attorneys of record may obtain copies of court minute orders and selected court documents by appearing at the juvenile records counter with photo identification. The records will not be mailed and other individuals must utilize the “Petition for Disclosure of Juvenile Court Records Welfare and Institutions Code §827" http://www.courtinfo.ca.gov/forms/documents/jv570.pdf . This completed form may be presented either in person or by mail but must contain an original signature. If the petition is granted, viewing and/or receipt of copies may only occur by appearing in person with proper photo identification. The records will not be mailed.


Juvenile Delinquency
Delinquency proceedings involve minors charged with committing an act which would be a crime if committed by an adult. Juvenile Court jurisdiction over delinquents is described in Welfare and Institutions Code Section 602. If allegations in the petition are found to be true, and if the minor is declared a ward of the court, the minor might remain at home on probation under certain conditions and with removal as a possible sanction for probation violation. Or a ward can be immediately removed from the home and placed in another setting, which can range from a group home to Juvenile Hall or a county camp, or in the more restrictive Department of Corrections Division of Juvenile Justice.

Juvenile workflow: Delinquency Process

Judicial Counsel Juvenile Delinquency Self Help: Juvenile Delinquency - juvenile_famlaw_selfhelp

Transfer In cases are to be heard in the Delinquency court - Department 12:

Monday through Friday at 8:30 a.m.

Contact Information: 831-775-5400 Extension: 0; Please ask for the Juvenile Unit Lead or the Supervisor for additional information on Transfer In calendar settings.

Department of Corrections Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ)
The Division of Juvenile Justice provides education and treatment to California’s youthful offenders up to the age of 25 who have the most serious criminal backgrounds and most intense treatment needs. Most juvenile offenders today are committed to county facilities in their home community where they can be closer to their families and local social services that are vital to rehabilitation.

DJJ provides academic and vocational education, treatment programs that address violent and criminogenic behavior, sex offender behavior, and substance abuse and mental health problems, and medical care, while maintaining a safe and secure environment conducive to learning. Treatment is guided by a series of plans supervised by the Alameda Superior Court, as a settlement agreement in a lawsuit known as Farrell.

Youth are assigned living units based on their age, gender, risk of institutional violence and their specialized treatment needs. The population in each living unit is limited and staffing levels ensure that each youth receives effective attention and rehabilitative programming.

More information about the Division of Juvenile Justice: http://www.cdcr.ca.gov/Juvenile_Justice/index.html

Juvenile Drug Court
The Juvenile Drug Court addresses the serious drug abuse issues of minor children. The goal of the program is to support the juvenile offenders commitment to sobriety by providing the treatment and supervision needed to promote abstinence from substance abuse and to deter criminal behavior.

Minors participating in the year-long program are required to attend frequent progress reviews with the judge, attend weekly self-help groups, participate in group, individual, and family counseling, and follow the terms and conditions of probation
Juvenile Truancy
The Truancy Court targets chronically truant youth, with the goal of eliminating their school truancies and absences, reducing their risk of criminal delinquency, and increasing their chances of future academic success. The District Attorney (DA) Truancy Abatement Unit works closely with schools and families to bring about compliance with mandatory school attendance laws. Parents and students are expected to do their part in cooperating to resolve issues related to truancy. In most cases, a successful outcome will be demonstrated by voluntary compliance with the compulsory school attendance laws. However, in cases that do not result in satisfactory school attendance, criminal charges are filed against the minor and/or the minor's parents or guardians. At all times, the goal is to ensure that all students receive the education they so greatly need to develop into responsible, productive adults. If you have any questions regarding the DA Truancy Abatement Program, please contact the District Attorney’s Office .

Truancy Process
Juvenile Dependency
Dependency actions involve minors who have allegedly been abused, neglected, or inadequately cared for by one or more parents. The jurisdiction prerequisites for such proceedings are described in Welfare and Institutions Code Section 300. Unlike delinquency or status offender proceedings (where the principal focus is on the conduct of the minor), dependency proceedings are to ensure the safety and well-being of the minor. If Juvenile Court jurisdiction is established, the court will then determine whether the minor should be removed from the parent's custody and, if so, what placement would be most appropriate for the minor's needs.

Juvenile Dependency Process

Transfer In cases are to be heard in the Dependency court - Department A on:

Tuesdays at 9:00 a.m.

Contact Information: 831-775-5400 Extension: 0; Please ask for the Juvenile Unit Lead or the Supervisor for additional information on Transfer In calendar settings.

Quick Links that may be helpful:

Link to Juvenile Dependency Guide for Parents:
http://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/juvenile-dependency-court-and-you.pdf

Link to Juvenile Dependency:
http://www.courts.ca.gov/cfcc-dependency.htm

Juvenile Traffic and Minor Offense
Any person who was under the age of 18 at the time he or she committed the alleged offense may come under the jurisdiction of the Juvenile Court. Welfare and Institutions Code Section 256 specifies the offenses that may be heard in the Juvenile Traffic and Minor Offense Court, which include:
  • Non-felony Vehicle Code violations
  • Violations of state or local law relating to traffic
  • Fish and Game Code violations
  • Violations of state and local law relating to evasion of fares on a public transportation system
  • Daytime loitering
  • Curfew violations
  • Drunkenness in public
  • Business and Professions Code violations related to possession or consumption of alcohol by a minor
  • Graffiti
  • Possession of less than one ounce of marijuana
  • Petty theft (charged as an infraction)
  • Penal Code Section 415 - Disturbing the peace (charged as an infraction)
Mandatory Appearance Policy

Because the law prohibits forfeiture of bail in lieu of an appearance by a minor, the Juvenile Court requires a personal appearance by the minor. Normally at least one parent is required to attend the hearing. The Juvenile Court is accustomed to reinforcing the parent-child relationship. Parental presence ensures that parents are aware of the incident, understand the reasons for the disposition made in the case, and can cooperate in the imposition of appropriate sanctions.

For additional information please visit Kids and the Law Informational Resource at:

Link to Kids and the Law: http://www.calbar.ca.gov/Portals/0/images/pamphlets/KidsLawENG2016web-r.pdf

Electronic Document Filing
In accordance with Monterey Superior Court Local Rule 1.06, effective July 1, 2016 documents submitted to the court shall be filed electronically through the court’s electronic service provider(s). Electronic service provider information is available on the court’s website at www.monterey.courts.ca.gov . Attorneys are mandated to file with the court electronically. Self-represented litigants are encouraged to file electronically but are permitted to file physical documents at the clerk’s office.

Juvenile Justice Commission
Mission Statement

The Monterey County Juvenile Justice Commission is a mandated group of private citizens who perform a variety of advocacy and regulatory functions on behalf of the youth involved in the juvenile justice system.

The Mission of the Monterey County Juvenile Justice Commission is to inquire into the administration of juvenile court law in this county and to ensure that the highest standards of care and services are maintained for the youth within the juvenile justice system.

Overview of the Juvenile Justice Commission (JJC) Under the mandates of the California Welfare and Institutions Code (WIC), the JJC conducts announced and unannounced inspections of police department’s temporarily housing juveniles, county operated juvenile facilities and group homes where wards and dependent children of the Juvenile Court are placed. The Commission also inspects and reviews operations and programs of the Youth Correctional schools and monitors medical/mental health programs within the facilities.

The Commission is comprised of not less than 7 and no more than 15 citizens, two of the positions are youth members between the ages of 18 and 21. The Commissioners are appointed by the Presiding Judge of the Superior Court with the concurrence of the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court and serve a four-year term.

The JJC continues to actively encourage applications for the Commission from the residents of Monterey County. An application is available by printing it from this website or by contacting the JJC c/o Juvenile Probation 1422 Natividad Road Salinas, CA 93906 or you can request an application be sent to you by emailing your request to: DLJuvJusticeCommission@monterey.courts.ca.gov

Interest in serving on the Juvenile Justice Commission

The Monterey County Juvenile Justice Commission (JJC) is a mandated group of private citizens who perform a variety of advocacy and regulatory functions on behalf of the youth involved in the juvenile justice system. The JJC is empowered by the California Welfare and Institutions Code (WIC), Sections 225-231 to “inquire into the administration of juvenile court law.” The JJC adopts a goal-oriented and proactive approach in meeting its responsibilities throughout the year.
  • The candidate should possess the integrity and motivation to perform the duties in an objective, fair and honest manner.
  • The candidate must have the time and commitment to fulfill the appointment responsibilities. The Commission holds regular meetings the first and third Wednesdays of each month. The Commissioners participate in standing committees and liaison activities.
  • No restrictions based on age, gender, ethnicity, religion, economic status or race will affect the eligibility of the candidate.
  • Youth Commissioners must be between 18 and 21 years of age and able to attend JJC meetings on the 4th Monday of each month. Youth Commissioners will serve until their 22nd birthday.

Applying for Commission Appointment

ONLY MONTEREY COUNTY RESIDENTS MAY APPLY

Application
  • An application is available by printing it from this website or by contacting the JJC c/o Juvenile Probation 1422 Natividad Road Salinas, CA 93906 or you can request an application be sent to you at DLJuvJusticeCommission@monterey.courts.ca.gov
  • The application can be mailed, emailed, or faxed back to Juvenile Probation 1422 Natividad Road Salinas, CA 93906, email: DLJuvJusticeCommission@monterey.courts.ca.gov or faxed to 831-759-7242.
  • After the applicants have completed the application and indicated they are interested in serving on the Commission, the next step is the application review process. A panel of Commissioners will conduct interviews and make a recommendation to the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court. It should be noted background checks will be conducted once the applicants have been selected by the Presiding Judge of the Superior Court with the concurrence of the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court.
Qualifications for Membership

The Monterey County Juvenile Justice Commission is mandated by State law and consists of (fifteen sworn Commissioners) appointed by the Presiding Judge of the Superior Court. It is the duty of the Commission to inquire into the administration of Juvenile Court Law as applied in Monterey County. The Commission can hold public hearings and require testimony, as well as request subpoenas if necessary.

As part of these responsibilities, commissioners inspect all of the county-operated juvenile institutions holding youth in both the criminal and dependency systems; facilities such as Juvenile Hall, Probation program facilities, the main jail, all police facilities and the sheriff, group homes and foster homes. Findings may be reported to the facility inspected, the Presiding Judge of the Juvenile Court, Chief Probation Officer, County Welfare Director, or the State Department of Social Services, to resolve any problems or to submit a plan of action.

Other duties of the Commission include, but are not limited to, responding to correspondence and interviewing professionals within the system, department heads, members of the public and wards and dependents, community-based resources, and members of the media as appropriate. The Commission may conduct studies, investigations and reviews into matters pertaining to juvenile court law administration/systems. The Commission also interfaces with the State Board of Corrections and the Department of Youth Authority.

The commission meets the fourth Monday of every month from 3:30 p.m. to 5:00 p.m. at the Juvenile Hall – Large Conference Room located at 1422 Natividad Road Salinas, CA 93906.

2018 Meeting Schedule
  • January 22nd 2018
  • February 26th 2018
  • March 26th 2018
  • April 23rd 2018
  • May 21st 2018
  • June 25th 2018
  • July 23rd 2018
  • August 27th 2018
  • September 24th 2018
  • October 22nd 2018
  • November 26th 2018
  • December TBD

Transfer In Calendar Settings

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